The Enigma of DNADNA - the Impossibility of InformationAs Percieved by Gromyko SemperThe DNA molecule is one of the greatest scientific discoveries of all time. First described by James Watson and Francis Crick in 1953, DNA is the famous storehouse of genetics that establishes each organism's physical characteristics. It wasn't until mid-2001, that the "Human Genome Project" and Celera Genomics jointly presented the true nature and complexity of the digital code inherent in DNA. We now understand that the DNA molecule is comprised of chemical bases arranged in approximately 3 billion precise sequences. Even the DNA molecule for the single-celled bacterium, E. coli, contains enough information to fill an entire set of Encyclopedia Britannica.DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is a double-stranded molecule that is twisted into a helix like a spiral staircase. Each strand is comprised of a sugar-phosphate backbone and numerous base chemicals attached in pairs. The four bases that make
Seeing in a New WayThe Seeing EyeAs percieved by Gromyko SemperThe human eye is enormously complicated - a perfect and interrelated system of about 40 individual subsystems, including the retina, pupil, iris, cornea, lens and optic nerve. For instance, the retina has approximately 137 million special cells that respond to light and send messages to the brain. About 130 million of these cells look like rods and handle the black and white vision. The other seven million are cone shaped and allow us to see in color. The retina cells receive light impressions, which are translated to electric pulses and sent to the brain via the optic nerve. A special section of the brain called the visual cortex interprets the pulses to color, contrast, depth, etc., which allows us to see "pictures" of our world. Incredibly, the eye, optic nerve and visual cortex are totally separate and distinct subsystems. Yet, together, they capture, deliver and interpret up to 1.5 million pulse messages a milli-second!
The Invention of FossilsProblems With the Fossil Record - What are the Scientists Saying?As Percieved by Gromyko SemperAuthor Luther Sunderland saw the problems with the fossil record, so he determined to get the definitive answer from the top museums themselves. Sunderland interviewed five respected museum officials, recognized authorities in their individual fields of study, including representatives from the American Museum, the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago, and the British Museum of Natural History. None of the five officials were able to offer a single example of a transitional series of fossilized organisms that document the transformation of one Kind of plant or animal into another. 1The British Museum of Natural History boasts the largest collection of fossils in the world. Among the five respected museum officials, Sunderland interviewed Dr. Colin Patterson, Senior Paleontologist at the British Museum and editor of a prestigious scientific journal. Patterson is a well
The Discourse after Da VinciThe Discourse after Da vinciwhich could be used as a discourse by GromykoGromyko SemperBecause I can find no useful or pleasant subject to discourse on, since the men who came before me have taken all the useful and pleasant subjects and discoursed on them at length, I find I must behave like a pauper who comes to the fair last, and can provide for himself in no other way than to take those things of trivial value that have been rejected by other buyers. I, then, will fill my shopping bag with all these despised and rejected wares, trash passed over by previous buyers, and take them and distribute them, not in the great cities, but in the poorest villages, taking whatever money might be offered.I realize many will call my little work useless; these people, as far as I'm concerned, are like those whom Demetrius was talking about when he said that he cared no more for the wind that issued from their mouths than the wind that issued from their lower extremities. These m
The Aesthetics of BeautyThe Aesthetics of BeautyA Periscopical ReviewWhat is beauty?Beauty is the spiritual dimension of reality made manifest to our senses. Through the workings of beauty we can actually see, hear, touch, taste and smell that there is something deeper, a more profound level of existence, offering meaning, consolation and hope. In beauty the veil of our ordinariness and shallowness is for a moment lifted. By way of the senses we catch a glimpse of a more perfect world beyond. Beauty also effects our feelings and insights in a transformative way. After a profound esthetic experience we are not the same anymore. In this confrontation with beauty our perspective of the world, even our very self, is altered.These two aspects of the aesthetic experience, the unraveling of the spiritual dimension of life, together with its transformation of our ordinary consciousness to a higher level, are closely linked and mutually affect each other. Spirituality seems to be beautiful and beau